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Illustration: people, cattle, and pyramids; "Brainteaser: Egypt" textBrainteaser: Egypt


Egyptian Links















Egypt is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. The map of Egypt indicates that the place lies on the northeastern part of Africa. The geographical positioning of the capital city, Cairo, and other important destinations, is defined in the Egypt map. The number of people inhabiting the land of Egypt till July 2007 is 80,335,036. Arabic is the official language of Egypt whereas French and English are the widely spoken languages. The historical wonders like pyramids, monuments and temples can be found in ancient Egypt.


Ancient Egypt


Pharonic Egypt started around 3000 B.C. It became a united country under the rule of the Pharaoh Narmer. It lasted till about 300 A.D. The last Pharaoh was a Roman emperor named Garerius. So as a civilization, Ancient Egypt flourished for more then 3000 years.


  Let me tell you a little about the land we are going to learn about. It was the perfect place for one of the worlds greatest civilizations to take root. The geography around the Nile Valley provided one of the most important factors in the longevity and productivity of the culture. Surrounding the peaceful Nile valley were obstacles that protected the Egyptians far better then any army could. To the east, invaders would have to cross mountains and the Red Sea, on the west there were cliffs that gave way to a desolate and barren desert. They were vulnerable only from the north and the south. From the north by way of the Mediterranean Sea and the Sinai Peninsula and from the south via the Nile itself.

. . . . .This protection gave the Egyptians perhaps the single most important element in building a great and powerful civilization... time. Time to learn agriculture and animal husbandry. Time to develope a code of laws to live by, and deities to worship. And time to create art, a beautifully written language, music and dance.

. . . . .The Nile River, along which most of the people of Egypt lived, stretches more then 4000 miles, but the Egyptians only knew about 1000 miles of it, and that was at the height of their empire. Along the river there is a thin ribbon of land that was nourished by the annual flooding of the Nile, it is lush, and many crops were crown there. The ribbon varies from a couple miles wide in some places and nonexistent in others. The Egyptians called this place Kemet "the black land" because of the richness of the soil. This is the land where Osiris taught mankind to be civilized. This is Egypt.


Information below is linked to take you to http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk


Egyptian Life

Daily life in ancient Egypt revolved around the Nile and the fertile land along its banks. The yearly flooding of the Nile enriched the soil and brought good harvests and wealth to the land.

Making mudbricksThe people of ancient Egypt built mudbrick homes in villages and in the country. They grew some of their own food and traded in the villages for the food and goods they could not produce.

Cows grazing on the banks of the Nile Most ancient Egyptians worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen and scribes. A small group of people were nobles. Together, these different groups of people made up the population of ancient Egypt.



Learn about a day in the life of two ancient Egyptian families.


Experience the world of an ancient Egyptian nobleman


Play Senet, a popular ancient Egyptian game


Title Graphic


The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods and goddesses. Each one with their own role to play in maintaining peace and harmony across the land.
Some gods and goddesses took part in creation, some brought the flood every year, some offered protection, and some took care of people after they died. Others were either local gods who represented towns, or minor gods who represented plants or animals.

The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to recognise and worship these gods and goddesses so that life continued smoothly.


Read an ancient Egyptian myth about the creation of the world


Look through a catalogue of the most important gods and goddesses


See what happens when Jane is locked in the museum late one night...


  Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands


The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'.

As 'Lord of the Two Lands' the pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners.

As 'High Priest of Every Temple', the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honour the gods.

Ramesses II Many pharaohs went to war when their land was threatened or when they wanted to control foreign lands. If the pharaoh won the battle, the conquered people had to recognise the Egyptian pharaoh as their ruler and offer him the finest and most valuable goods from their land.



Read a story about battle and tribute


Examine a wall relief from an ancient Egyptian temple


Identify ancient objects in 'Ask the experts'







The ancient Egyptians believed that temples were the homes of the gods and goddesses. Every temple was dedicated to a god or goddess and he or she was worshipped there by the temple priests and the pharaoh.


Temple of Luxor, Egypt
Temple of Luxor, Egypt

The large temple buildings were made of stone so that they would last forever. Their walls were covered with scenes that were carved onto the stone then brightly painted. These scenes showed the pharaoh fighting in battles and performing rituals with the gods and goddesses.


Creep deep into the secret heart of a temple


Look around the inside of a temple


Try counting the daily offerings with the 'Temple Tally'



The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate information about religion and government. Thus, they invented written scripts that could be used to record this information.

The most famous of all ancient Egyptian scripts is hieroglyphic. However, throughout three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilisation, at least three other scripts were used for different purposes. Using these scripts, scribes were able to preserve the beliefs, history and ideas of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls and on papyrus scrolls.


Learn about the different scripts used in ancient Egypt


Find out where writing was used in ancient Egypt


See what 'Making sense' is all about.

This game requires Shockwave



The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta stoneOne of the keys to unlocking the secrets of ancient Egyptian writing was the 'Rosetta S



Craftsmen in ancient Egypt were usually trained and skilled labourers. They were often well-respected in the community and had a comfortable lifestyle. Yet every craftsman's lifestyle and social standing depended on the quality of his skills and experience. Thus, some craftsmen had more difficult lives than others.


Ancient Egyptian workshop

Most craftsmen worked in workshops with other craftsmen. Objects for temples or the pharaoh were made in temple workshops or palace workshops. Objects for ordinary people were made by local craftsmen in small workshops.




  Play this interactive game about Egypt



The Hieroglyphic Alphabet

These are signs that make the sound of one consonant.


'a' as in water


'a' as in bat


'b' as in boat


'ch' as in church






'ch' as in loch


'd' as in dog


'e' as in money


'f' as in foot.






'g' as in gone


'h' as in hat.


'h' as in ich.


'i' as in pin






'j' as in adjust


'k' as in basket


'l' as in lion


'm' as in man






'n' as in not


. 'oo' as in zoo


'p' as in pet


'q' as in queen






'r' as in right


's' as in saw


'ss' as in glass


'sh' as in show






't' as in top


'u' as in glue


'v' as in viper


'w' as in win







'y' as in money


'z' as in zebra


These glyphs are used to translate into our modern alphabet.




Write your name the Egyptian Way






Return to the Hieroglyphic Directory    

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