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*Information from

Tools to understand, organize and make sense of our world.

06SS: ( Geography )  EditView MapView Differentiated Report

We will be using the five themes of geography to describe the physical characteristics of places on the earth, gathering the information , and putting it together in a PowerPoint or slide show so that the information is NOT boring!




What are the Five Themes of Geography?

Learning the Content-May ways to learn



Five themes are location (which can be absolute or relative), place, human-environmentinteraction, movement, and regions. A helpful way to memorize all of the five themes is MR.HELP (movement, region, human/environment interaction, location, and place).



Use insiration to create a symbolic reresenation of the 5 themes in which you can take notes



*Web Resources:

Explanation can be found at http://www.nesd.k12.pa.us/related_sites/gingerich/

National Geographic’s explanation at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/resources/ngo/education/themes.html



*Watch- Five Themes Presentation in class with your teacher


*Practice- Key Phrases with Quia http://www.nationalgeographic.com/resources/ngo/education/themes.html

                    -Game  http://www.quia.com/jq/15748.html





Things to Know:


Vocabulary/Words to know

Look them up on www.dictionary.com




Physical Characteristics
















What needs to be included in your PowerPoint?




I. Location-both absolute and relative-include Google Earth view and a land based view


A. Absolute =Absolute location is the exact position on earth where something is found. This location is always described in terms of latitude and longitude

::You can usually find examples of absolute locations in the index of any atlas. Nystrom index' and National Geographic Atlas' index will give you absolute locations for cities, countries, and many physical features.


B.  Relative- Relative location is the position of a location on Earth's surface in relation to other locations. It tells us much more about your location. For example, Yosemite National Park is located north of Los Angeles, California, and east of San Francisco, California.

     You can find the relative location by using any atlas' political and physical map. Be sure to use both designations when describing your location.





II. Place-Physical and Human attributes- Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.


A.Physical characteristics include a description such things as the mountains, rivers, beaches, topography, and animal and plant life of a place.


B. Human characteristics include the human-designed cultural features of a place, from land use and architecture to forms of livelihood and religion to food and folk ways to transportation and communication networks. 




III. Region- Physical and Cultural 

Region divides the world into manageable units for geographic study. Regions have some sort of characteristic that unifies the area. Regions can be formal, functional, or vernacular.

Formal regions are those that are designated by official boundaries, such as cities, states, counties, and countries. For the most part, they are clearly indicated and publicly known.  How is the country bordered?

Functional regions are defined by their connections. For example, the circulation area for a major city area is the functional region of that paper.

Vernacular regions are perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East;" they have no formal boundaries but are understood in our mental maps of the world.





IV. Movement- Spatial InteractionHumans move, a lot! In addition, ideas, fads, goods, resources, and communication all travel distances. This theme studies movement and migration across the planet.

A.   Travel and Migration of People

B.     Trade




V. Human Interaction-how people use, affect, and are affected by our surroundingsThis theme considers how humans adapt to and modify the environment. Humans shape the landscape through their interaction with the land; this has both positive and negative effects on the environment

    A. How have they modified the environment by using  Dikes, dams, ect

    B. How do the landform encourage or discourage travel, cultural exchanges, access to technology ect.

    C. Recreation


1. Use the template below to create a powerpoint presentation on the country your teacher assigned .You MUST use both information and  pictures. 



Powerpoint Template





Student work will be assessed in several different ways--

formative (ongoing) and summative (final):

Formative Assessment: Any assessment used by educators to evaluate students’ knowledge and understanding of particular content and then to adjust and plan further instructional practices accordingly to improve student achievement in that area”


 Things I grade will include:

1. Partcipation in discussions (Think, Pair, Share)

2. Student personnel feedbak sheets

3. Blog Entries 


“Summative Assessment: An assessment used to document students’ achievement at the end of a unit or course or an evaluation of the end product of a student’s learning activity”

1. PowerPoint Presentation



Grading rubric

5 themes Rubric.doc




Differentiated Instructional Activities 



 Interactive Activities






Click the link below


Geo Spy Game



Play GeoNet




Can you beat the Bee? Play this daily geotrivia game.

National Geographic GeoSpy Game



Quick! Pinpoint as many places as you can before time runs out.



National Geographic Kids


Cartoons, interactive adventures, funny fill-ins, and much more


Snuffy's Safari


Travel with Snuffy to the jungle, the ocean, and the Arctic.




Help aliens reach their global destinations, race to name U.S. state capitals, try your hand at a geography crossword puzzle, and more.


What on Earth?


A game of Earth trivia from NASA


National  Geography Bee










Activity - Draw a Landform

Print out this page .

  1. Draw pictures of landforms found in your region.
  2. Write a description of the landform you have drawn.
  3. Search for Internet sites that show images of landforms, or artist's works depicting landforms. Save the best images and pictures for sharing with others.


Choose one of the following projects to further investigate.


( http://vathena.arc.nasa.gov/curric/land/landform/lndfmprj.html )


Geology as a career: What kinds of geologists are there? Specifically, what do they do? What types of industries employ geologists?



Volcanoes of the Northwest: Research the history and geology of one or more of the Northwest volcanoes.



Volcanoes of Hawaii: Research the history and geology of one or more of the Hawaiian volcanoes.



Identification of rocks: Put together a collection of samples of at least three types of rocks. Report on the different types, where they come from, etc. Use examples.



The geology of a landform: Choose the Grand Canyon, the Rocky Mountains, or any other geological formation which interests you. How was it formed? What kinds of rocks are found there?



Create a model of a volcano: Explain and demonstrate the process behind the formation of a volcano.



Earthquake faults:Report on the famous earthquake faults in the United States. Discuss earthquakes that have occurred along the fault lines. Include a map.



Erosion on other planets: Use library resources and Internet resources to find out which planets in the solar system have evidence of erosion.



Demonstration: Create a science demonstration: This must be a learning experience for the entire class. It must relate to the landform unit.



Other ideas: Design your own! Check it out with your teacher prior to starting.


Click here to go back to the Interactive Lesson Page




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